October 25, 2009

Biography of Madan Mohan Malaviya

Madan Mohan Malaviya was born to an orthodox Hindu family at Allahabad on December 25, 1861. He established one of India's oldest and most prestigious universities, Banaras Hindu University(B.H.U), at Varanasi.

supervision for native Indians was started by Justice Vivian Bose, Madan Mohan Malaviya, Pandit Hridayanath Kunzru, Annie Besant and George Arundale, in 1913.

He was founder editor of two nationalist weeklies called Hindustan (in Hindi) and The Indian Union (in English).[1] Malaviya was the president of the Indian National Congress in 1909 and in 1918. Like many of the living leaders of Indian National Congress he was a Moderate.

He later founded Banaras Hindu University, commonly known as BHU, a prominent institution of learning in India today.

In 1928 he met Lala Lajpat Rai, and many others in protesting against the Simon Commission, which had been set up by the British to consider India's future. He represented India at the First Round Table Conference in 1931.

Malaviya popularised the famous slogan "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone will triump). He was a great teacher and a follower of The Bhagavad Gita - A great Karmayogi.

He worked for the destruction of caste barrier in temples and other social barriers. He is believed to have undergone a Kayakalpa[citation needed]. Also, he organized a mass of 200 Dalit peoples, including the Hindu Dalit (Harijan) leader P. N. Rajbhoj to demand entry at the Kalaram Temple on a Rath Yatra day. All those who participated in this event took a dip in the Godavari River and chanted Hindu mantras. Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya made massive efforts for the entry into any Hindu temple.

Malviya Nagar in Allahabad, Lucknow, Delhi, Bhopal and Jaipur are named after him. A postage stamp has been printed in India in his honour. Malaviya National Institute of Technology (MNIT) at Jaipur is named after him. Madan Mohan Malviya Engineering College in Gorakhpur, UP is also named after him.

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